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Sunday, April 19, 2020 | History

1 edition of Technical options for the advanced liquid metal reactor found in the catalog.

Technical options for the advanced liquid metal reactor

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Published by The Office, U.S. G.P.O. in Washington, DC .
Written in English

    Places:
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Liquid metal fast breeder reactors.,
    • Radioactive waste disposal -- United States.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementU.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment.
      SeriesBackground paper, Background paper (United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment)
      ContributionsUnited States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsTK9203.B7 T431994
      The Physical Object
      Paginationvii, 48 p. :
      Number of Pages48
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1197551M
      LC Control Number94190225
      OCLC/WorldCa30709376

      Nearly all commercial nuclear reactors in the United States are light water reactors. Until recently, the "heir apparent" to the light water reactor was the liquid metal fast breeder reactor. Primarily because of proliferation concerns, the liquid metal fast breeder reactor program has been of the technical alterations to current nuclear power systems . Liquid metal technology has been the subject of an impetuous development in the recent decades, mainly due to the application of liquid met als in nuclear techniques. The technological development has been supported by studies of the basic physical-chemical properties of liquid metals: One major concern is the material behaviour.


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Technical options for the advanced liquid metal reactor Download PDF EPUB FB2

2 | Technical Options for the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor recently, the developers of this technology have claimed that essentially the same concept could be used to consume plutonium and meet such goals as disposing of surplus plutonium from nuclear warheads.

This paper evaluates the ALMR program, its current status and potential for plutonium dispos. and Power, asked OTA to expand the technical analysis of the advanced liquid metal reactor (ALMR). This background paper discusses the history and status of the ALMR research program.

It presents applications of this technology to the plu-tonium disposition problem. Get this from a library. Technical options for the advanced liquid metal reactor. [United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.;]. advanced liquid metal reactor technical option future development nuclear material retired nuclear weapon waste management technology assessment background paper nuclear arm race house committee technical analysis almr research program related issue intractable problem possible advantage plutonium disposition problem radioactive plutonium waste.

Get this from a library. Technical options for the advanced liquid metal reactor. [United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.;]. The Office of Technology Assessment covered this issue in its assessment Dismantling the Bomb and Managing the Nuclear Materials. The House Committee on Energy and Commerce, Subcommittee on Energy and Power, asked OTA to expand the technical analysis of the advanced liquid metal reactor (ALMR).

SMR designs adopt advanced or even inherent safety features and are deployable either as a single or multi-module plant. SMRs are under development for all principal reactor lines: water cooled reactors, high temperature gas cooled reactors, liquid-metal, sodium and gas-cooled reactors with fast neutron spectrum, and molten salt reactors.

Shripad T. Revankar, in Technical options for the advanced liquid metal reactor book and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy, Liquid Metal Cooled Reactors.

Liquid metal cooled reactors have fast-neutron spectra as they lack moderator and are classified based on the liquid metal coolant used such as sodium, lead-bismuth eutectic alloy, and lead bismuth.

The key feature of fast reactors is their ability to. is on the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR). While the U.S. priority effort is on the LMFBR, the wisdom of providing other reactor options has been recognized.

To this end the U.S. is carrying forward technology efforts on a number of other concepts, as will be discussed later in the paper.

LMFBR Priority LMFBR has had a history of over. Technical rationale for metal fuel in fast reactors the 's Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor program eventually selected ternary U-Pu-Zr alloy as reference fuel in the mid s.

The integral fast reactor (IFR, originally advanced liquid-metal reactor) is a design for a nuclear reactor using fast neutrons and no neutron moderator (a "fast" reactor).IFR would breed more fuel and is distinguished by a nuclear fuel cycle that uses reprocessing via electrorefining at the reactor site.

IFR development began in and the U.S. Department of Energy built a. IAEA Nuclear Energy Series Technical Reports Liquid Metal Coolants for Fast Reactors Cooled By Sodium, Lead, and Lead-Bismuth Eutectic No.

NP-T Guides INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY VIENNA ISBN –92–0––7 ISSN – Liquid Metal Coolants for Fast Reactors Cooled by Sodium, Lead and Lead-Bismuth Eutectic IAEA Nuclear Energy Series NP-T English STI/PUB/ reactor cores that operate at high temperatures in advanced fast reactors, high temperature reactors and accelerator driven systems by using liquid metals and molten salts as coolants.

The project was initiated in and was led by India; experts from Brazil, China, Germany. Advanced Reactor Concepts. The Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC) program supports the research of advanced reactor subsystems and addresses long-term technical barriers for the development of advanced nuclear fission energy systems utilizing coolants such as liquid metal, fluoride salt, or gas.

Institutional issues--including regulatory practices at the federal and state levels, the growing trends toward greater competition in the generation of electricity, and nuclear and nonnuclear generation options. Critical evaluation of advanced reactors--covering attributes such as cost, construction time, safety, development status, and fuel.

Thermal Hydraulics Laboratory Report: Final Report for NEUP Project Project Number: NUWI-UWM_ (Project ) Project Title: Component and Technology Development for Advanced Liquid Metal Reactors Report Authors: Matthew Weathered, Aidan Boyle, Bryan Coddington, Paul Brooks, Jordan Rein, and Mark Anderson Technical Point of.

Design criteria for a fast flux liquid metal loop in the advanced test reactor / (Oak Ridge, Tenn.: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Division of Technical Information, ), by Babcock & Wilcox Company and Ebasco Services Incorporated (page images at HathiTrust).

The molten-salt-cooled Advanced High-Temperature Reactor (AHTR) is a new reactor concept designed to provide very high-temperature ( to °C) heat to enable efficient low-cost thermochemical production of hydrogen (H 2) or production of paper provides an initial description and technical analysis of its key by: Breeder Reactor Plant,” issued Marchprovides the staff’s evaluation of the Clinch River construction permit application (Ref.

• NUREG, “Preapplication Safety Evaluation Report for the Sodium Advanced Fast Reactor (SAFR) Liquid-Metal Reactor,” issued Decemberprovides the NRC staff’s review and.

Advanced nuclear developers are designing small modular reactors and micro-reactors, which are designed to generate between 10 and MW per reactor.

These small modular and micro-reactors could be built in a factory and then shipped to the construction site for a relatively quick installation.

Technical Report: Summary of advanced LMR (Liquid Metal Reactor) evaluations: PRISM (Power Reactor Inherently Safe Module) and SAFR (Sodium Advanced Fast Reactor) Title: Summary of advanced LMR (Liquid Metal Reactor) evaluations: PRISM (Power Reactor Inherently Safe Module) and SAFR (Sodium Advanced Fast Reactor).

The Advanced Fuels Campaign (AFC) within the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy is considering several advanced ceramic fuels for use in light water reactors (LWRs) and/or advanced reactor concepts.

Advanced fuels, such as uranium carbide (UC), uranium nitride (UN), and uranium silicide (U 3 Si 2) offer increased uranium.

The proposed supervisory control system (SCS) may provide considerable benefits to advanced small modular reactors, including reduced plant staffing, optimized maintenance activities, greater plant availability, and higher operating efficiency.

The SCS makes risk-informed decisions based on (1) a. Nuclear reactor - Nuclear reactor - Liquid-metal reactors: Sodium-cooled fast-neutron-spectrum liquid-metal reactors (LMRs) received much attention during the s and ’70s when it appeared that their breeding capabilities would soon be needed to supply fissile material to a rapidly expanding nuclear industry.

When it became clear in the s that this was not a. FLUID FUEL REACTORS: Molten Salt Reactors, Aqueous Homogeneous Reactors, Fluoride Reactors, Chloride Reactors, Liquid Metal Reactors and Why Liquid Fission - Kindle edition by Lane, James A., MacPherson, H.

G., Maslan, Frank. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading FLUID FUEL REACTORS /5(7).

Nuclear Power: Technical and Institutional Options for the Future. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / (LWR) development in the short term and liquid metal reactor (LMR) development for the long term should be pursued. Acceleration of liquid metal development by an additional ten years as envisioned in.

LBE is one of the primary coolant candidates of advanced nuclear reactors. The present review conducts an assessment of the coolant based on a series of liquid metal coolant selection criteria first and then identifies the key concerns of using LBE as the primary coolant of a nuclear by:   The Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) is an innovative liquid-metal reactor concept being developed at Argonne National Laboratory.

It seeks to exploit the inherent properties of liquid-metal cooling and metallic fuel in a way that leads to substantial improvements in the characteristics of the complete reactor by: for multiple technology options.

Mission: Identify and resolve the associated with advanced reactor technologies • Sustain technical expertise and capabilities within national laboratories and universities to order to develop advanced liquid metal technologies.

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor, liquid metal fast reactor or LMFR is an advanced type of nuclear reactor where the primary coolant is a liquid metal cooled reactors were first adapted for nuclear submarine use but have also been extensively studied for power generation applications.

Metal coolants remove heat more rapidly and allow much higher. History Of The Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor / IFR - part 3 of 4 Manager Advanced Plant New Product Introduction General Electric Nuclear Business Wilmington, NC. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder.

Advanced SMR designs span a range of sizes and technology options. Some use light water as a coolant while others rely on coolants such as a gas, liquid metal or molten salt.

Some SMRs would use fuel akin to what runs today’s nuclear reactors. History Of The Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor / IFR - part 1 of 4 Manager Advanced Plant New Product Introduction General Electric Nuclear Business Wilmington, NC. Liquid metal | Michael. advanced reactor technology options, and prioritize the options for future focused R&D efforts based on potential benefits and promise for fulfilling NE R&D Roadmap objectives.

• Continue participation in GIF committees and technical working groups. Program Budget Advanced Reactor Concepts ($ in Millions) FY Request $ Advanced Nuclear Reactor Safety Issues and Research Needs. Conclusions of the workshop discussions are offered at the end of the book, which will be of particular interest to all those involved in planning and designing the next generation of nuclear reactors.

(66 08 1 P) E ISBN HSTCQE=V^\]V\: AIEA IAEA AIEA IAEA. Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy) - Kindle edition by Dolan, Thomas James. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy).5/5(6).

support any new U.S. liquid-metal cooled fast reactors. The earliest information presented herein dates from the early s when the DOE Hanford Site and Argonne National Laboratory were supporting instrumentation development for sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs).

The most recent U.S. advanced liquid metal reactor (ALMR) design was the Power. Options for siting in seismic zones with higher ground accelerations were investigated, and acceptable ones were found.

The seismically isolated ALMR system can accommodate a G earthquake. U.S. advanced liquid metal reactor (ALMR) 57 Rubber~Steel Shim Plates Rubber Coating ~~ Seismic Isolator (49) Fig.

Seismic by: It is concluded that ERANOS can predict the main characteristics of conventional as well as advanced liquid-metal-cooled fast reactors with an excellent accuracy, and. initial consensus supporting it within the water reactor community.

This draft was then circulated for comment to organizations working in liquid metal reactor technology, gas cooled reactor technology, and nuclear fusion by the Agency, as well as to many additional organizations active in water reactors or in nuclear technology in Size: 1MB.Dr.

Anil Kokodkar, the former-head of India's nuclear program has stated, given a do-over he'd have pursued a liquid fuel (as opposed to a conventional solid fuel) approach to advanced nuclear. Molten Salt Reactor startups are flourishing, and typically, a single copy of FLUID FUEL REACTORS can be found in their head-office.5/5(9).In total, we have found nearly 50 projects in companies and organizations working on small modular reactors based on the current light water reactor technology of today's reactors, advanced reactors using innovative fuels and alternative coolants like molten salt, high temperature gas, or liquid metal instead of high-pressure water, and even.